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Democracy and the challenges of globalization: a theoretical framework

Author:

João Reis

Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, Lusófona University and EIGeS, Campo Grande, 1749-024 Lisbon, PT
About João
João Reis is an assistant professor of service management (Aveiro University), operations management (ISLA), logistics and supply chain management (Military Academy). He received a PhD in Management and Industrial Engineering from Aveiro University. During the last ten years he has been conducting extensive scientific research in the banking industry. He is a research fellow at the research unit on Governance, Competitiveness and Public Policy (GOVCOPP) in the fields of service science, industrial engineering and OM. The research results appeared in journals such as the International Journal of Production Economics or the International Journal of Quality and Service Science. During his free time, he frequently performs humanitarian aid in Africa, Asia and around the Southeastern Europe.
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Abstract

Globalization is an increasingly broad, dynamic and complex phenomenon. Given the previous context and in an attempt to reduce its complexity, the underlying objective of this article is to contribute to a broader and more comprehensive discussion on globalization in the light of the theme, democracy. We used a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive methodology, which focused on a theoretical analysis through a systematic literature review. The systematic review made it possible to synthesize the existing literature in order to provide a holistic view of the phenomenon. Therefore, our intention is to present a theoretical framework on the dimensions that contain the essence of globalization in a postmodern version of democracy. The results suggest that there are no unambiguous metrics to measure the impact of globalization. In that regard, it is essential to recognise globalization as an opportunity and not as a threat, being aware of the underlying inequalities and the risks that they can pose to democratic states. Future studies can analyse the impact of the dimensions identified in this article and examine the differences within different countries and cultural contexts. The identification of opportunities that globalization creates, as well as ways to mitigate possible inequalities and risks, can be useful in looking for new scientific and academic ventures.

How to Cite: Reis, J., 2021. Democracy and the challenges of globalization: a theoretical framework. Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences, 44(2), p.None.
Published on 29 Dec 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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