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Research Articles

Impact of microfinance on women's empowerment: a case study on two microfinance institutions in Sri Lanka

Authors:

H. M. W. A. Herath ,

Faculty of Arts, University of Peradeniya, LK
About H. M. W. A.
Senior lecturer at Department of Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Arts, University of Peradeniya
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L. H. P. Guneratne,

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, LK
About L. H. P.
Professor at the Department of Agricultural Economics and Business Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya
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Nimal Sanderatne

University of Peradeniya, LK
About Nimal
Former senior visiting fellow at Post Graduate Institute of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya.
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Abstract

This study investigates the impact of microfinance on poverty, socio-economic vulnerability of women, and the ability to form social capital through group-based micro loans. The study used four criteria to examine the impact of microfinance on poverty and vulnerability of women borrowers. The four criteria were access, creation and control over private resources; freedom of decision making at home; self-confidence on socioeconomic activities; and status in community and family. The study assumed that if these four variables have positively affected a woman, then she is empowered by microfinance received. The study used three logistic regression models and a women empowerment index to analyse women empowerment. The logistic results revealed that, the household income level before taking microcredit, age of the household head and markets availability for products have been significant in affecting women empowerment and reducing vulnerability. The disaggregated and overall Women Empowerment Indices (WEIs) clearly illustrate a considerable development after joining the Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs). The analysis found that if the woman owned the loan and acted as a conduit of credit, it had a positive and significant impact on her ability to make decisions at home.


Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences 2015 38(1): 51-61
How to Cite: Herath, H.M.W.A., Guneratne, L.H.P. & Sanderatne, N., (2016). Impact of microfinance on women's empowerment: a case study on two microfinance institutions in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences. 38(1), pp.51–61. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljss.v38i1.7385
Published on 03 Feb 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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