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Research Articles

Effectiveness of an educational intervention on sexual and reproductive health education directed at school teachers in the Kalutara district

Authors:

R Hettiarachchi ,

Consultant Community Physician, National Institute of Health Sciences, Kalutara, LK
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S Sivayogan,

Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayawardanepura, LK
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SAP Gnanissara

Former DDG [Education, Training & Research] Ministry of Health, LK
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Abstract

The global trend of early onset of puberty combined with increased age at marriage leading to an increase in premarital sex is also observed in Sri Lanka. In contrast, less priority is given for sexual and reproductive health education in Sri Lankan schools.

The objective of this study was to plan, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention on Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH).

A quasi-experimental study was designed based on a situational analysis of existing SRH education in schools and its effectiveness was evaluated. A four-day teacher- training workshop was carried out for the thirty one teachers in the intervention group. Thirty teachers in the control area were exposed to the pre-existing SRH seminars. After the intervention, teachers in both groups were made to teach SRH lessons to Grade Nine students in their respective schools to measure the impact of the intervention. Sixty-one teachers and 914 students aged 15-16 years completed self-reported pre and post intervention questionnaires on SRH knowledge and attitudes. Scores for pre-post tests of each study group and post-post tests between intervention and control groups were compared. Post intervention teaching skills of teachers in both study groups were also assessed using standard checklists.

Teachers in the intervention group had higher mean scores for post intervention knowledge on pregnancy and related issues [intervention group - 21.9(11.5), control group - 19.6(13.0); p-0.02]; and Sexually Transmitted Infections [intervention group - 12.9(9.5), control group - 7.5(4.6); p-0.01]. Mean scores for teaching skills were significantly improved in the intervention group [intervention group -83.0 (20.3), control group-58.8 (33.1); p-0.002]. There was also a significant improvement in SRH knowledge [intervention group – 28.5(13.6), control group - 21.8 (12.9); p-0.02] and attitude [intervention group - 8.4, control group -3.1; p-0.017] among students in the intervention group.

Developing and delivering a new educational intervention for SRH education based on situational analysis proved successful with regard to the improvement of SRH teaching skills and knowledge among teachers and students. Thus it is recommended to use this intervention in more settings and to include it into the school curriculum.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljss.v31i1-2.5461

Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences 2008/2009 31/32 (1 & 2) 17-25

How to Cite: Hettiarachchi, R., Sivayogan, S. & Gnanissara, S., (2013). Effectiveness of an educational intervention on sexual and reproductive health education directed at school teachers in the Kalutara district. Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences. 31(1-2), pp.17–25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljss.v31i1-2.5461
Published on 26 Apr 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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